In this article, we will see 40 Most Frequently Asked Questions about Mahatma Gandhi. Mahatma Gandhi, also known as Father of the Nation India was a revolutionary leader and a symbol of peaceful resistance, whose legacy has left an indelible mark on history. With his unwavering commitment to non-violent protest and civil disobedience, he inspired millions of people around the world to fight for freedom, justice, and equality.
His life and teachings continue to inspire and influence generations of leaders, activists, and thinkers, making him one of the most iconic figures of the 20th century. Mahatma Gandhi's remarkable life story and profound impact on the world make him an enduring symbol of hope and a powerful force for change. Here we will see some of the most frequently asked questions about his contributions to Indian independence.
40 Most Frequently Asked Questions about Mahatma Gandhi
1. Who was Mahatma Gandhi ?
Ans. Mahatma Gandhi was a prominent figure in Indian independence movement and a leader who played a central role in India's struggle for freedom from British colonial rule.
2. When was Mahatma Gandhi born ?
Ans. He was born on October 2, 1869.
3. Why Nathuram Godse killed Mahatma Gandhi ?
Ans. Nathuram Godse killed Mahatma Gandhi because he disagreed with Gandhi's political beliefs and nonviolent approach to achieving Indian independence.
4. Why did Mahatma Gandhi want to teach children handicrafts ?
Ans. Mahatma Gandhi wanted to teach children handicrafts because he believed it would promote self-reliance and self-sufficiency in the Indian population.
5. Who gave Mahatma title to Gandhi ?
Ans. The title "Mahatma" was given to Gandhi by Rabindranath Tagore, a famous Indian poet and writer.
6. When did Mahatma Gandhi return to India from South Africa ?
Ans. He returned to India from South Africa in the year 1915.
7. Who was the political guru of Mahatma Gandhi ?
Ans. Gopal Krishna Gokhale was the political guru of Mahatma Gandhi.
8. What was the full name of Mahatma Gandhi ?
Ans. Mahatma Gandhi's full name was Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi.
9. Who was the father of Mahatma Gandhi ?
Ans. Karamchand Gandhi was the father of Mahatma Gandhi.
10. Who were the sons of Mahatma Gandhi ?
Ans. Harilal, Manilal, Ramdas, and Devdas were the four sons of Mahatma Gandhi.
11. When was Mahatma Gandhi assassinated ?
Ans. Mahatma Gandhi was assassinated on January 30, 1948.
12. Which bank was inaugurated by Mahatma Gandhi in 1919 ?
Ans. It was Bank of India which was inaugurated by Mahatma Gandhi in the year 1919.
13. Who called Mahatma Gandhi as Mickey Mouse ?
Ans. Winston Churchill, the British Prime Minister during World War II, called Mahatma Gandhi "Mickey Mouse".
14. Who gave the title father of nation to Mahatma Gandhi ?
Ans. The title "Father of the Nation" was given by Subhas Chandra Bose, a prominent Indian nationalist.
15. Where did Mahatma Gandhi born ?
Ans. He was born in Porbandar, a coastal town in present-day Gujarat, India.
16. Who called Mahatma Gandhi as Bapu for the first time ?
Ans. Mahatma Gandhi was first called "Bapu" (Father) by his followers in South Africa.
17. Who was the mother of Mahatma Gandhi ?
Ans. Putlibai Gandhi was the mother of Mahatma Gandhi.
18. Who was the wife of Mahatma Gandhi ?
Ans. Kasturba Gandhi was the wife of Mahatma Gandhi.
19. What is the name of Mahatma Gandhi's autobiography ?
Ans. "The Story of My Experiments with Truth" is the name of Mahatma Gandhi's autobiography.
20. What is the nickname of Mahatma Gandhi ?
Ans. "Mahatma" was the nickname of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, which means "Great Soul" in Sanskrit.
21. When did Mahatma Gandhi picture printed on Indian currency ?
Ans. Mahatma Gandhi's picture was first printed on Indian currency notes in 1969, on the occasion of his birth centenary.
22. Who led the Salt satyagraha movement with Mahatma Gandhi ?
Ans. Sarojini Naidu and Abbas Tyabji were among the leaders who led the Salt Satyagraha movement with Mahatma Gandhi.
23. Who worked as a private secretary to Mahatma Gandhi ?
Ans. Mahadev Desai worked as a private secretary to Mahatma Gandhi.
24. How was Mahatma Gandhi perceived by the peasants ?
Ans. He was perceived by the peasants as a champion of their cause and a symbol of hope for their rights and freedom.
25. Where did Mahatma Gandhi break the salt law ?
Ans. He broke the salt law by making salt from seawater at Dandi, a coastal village in Gujarat, India, on April 6, 1930, as a part of the Salt Satyagraha movement.
26. Which system of education was propounded by Mahatma Gandhi ?
Ans. He propounded the system of education known as Nai Talim or Basic Education.
27. Why did Mahatma Gandhi go to South Africa ?
Ans. He went to South Africa to work as a lawyer for an Indian trading firm, but he ended up becoming a prominent leader in the Indian community there and began his activism for the Indian independence movement.
28. How many times Mahatma Gandhi nominated for Nobel Prize ?
Ans. Mahatma Gandhi was nominated five times for the Nobel Peace Prize but he never won the Prize.
29. Why did Mahatma Gandhi call off Rowlatt Satyagraha ?
Ans. Mahatma Gandhi called off the Rowlatt Satyagraha because the movement turned violent and he did not want to encourage or condone any kind of violence in his nonviolent approach to activism.
30. How did Mahatma Gandhi try to remove untouchability ?
Ans. Mahatma Gandhi tried to remove untouchability by advocating for the social and economic upliftment of the Dalit community, promoting intercaste marriages, and conducting campaigns to raise awareness about the issue.
31. How many books written by Mahatma Gandhi ?
Ans. He wrote several books during his lifetime, including his autobiography "The Story of My Experiments with Truth" and "Hind Swaraj", a book advocating for Indian self-rule.
32. What did Mahatma Gandhi mean by satyagraha ?
Ans. Satyagraha is a term coined by Mahatma Gandhi that means "truth force" or "soul force", and it refers to his philosophy and method of nonviolent resistance and civil disobedience.
33. Why did Mahatma Gandhi call off the non cooperation movement ?
Ans. Mahatma Gandhi called off the non-cooperation movement because a group of protesters in Chauri Chaura, Uttar Pradesh, turned violent and killed several police officers, which went against Gandhi's principles of nonviolence.
34. Why did Mahatma Gandhi relaunch the civil disobedience movement ?
Ans. Mahatma Gandhi relaunched the civil disobedience movement because the British government failed to fulfill its promises to grant India greater autonomy and reforms, and because Gandhi believed that nonviolent resistance was the only way to achieve independence.
35. Was Mahatma Gandhi a member of constituent assembly ?
Ans. No, he was not a member of the Constituent Assembly of India, which was responsible for drafting the Constitution of India after independence.
36. When Mahatma Gandhi came to Assam ?
Ans. He first visited Assam in the year 1921 during the Non-Cooperation Movement.
37. How many times did Mahatma Gandhi visit Kerala ?
Ans. He visited Kerala twice, first time in 1920 and then the second time in 1934.
38. How many siblings did Mahatma Gandhi have ?
Ans. Mahatma Gandhi had three siblings, two older brothers named Laxmidas and Karsandas, and a younger sister named Raliatbehn.
39. How did Mahatma Gandhi declared Civil Disobedience movement ?
Ans. Mahatma Gandhi declared the Civil Disobedience movement with the Dandi March in 1930, where he and his followers walked 241 miles to the Arabian Sea to break the British salt monopoly and protest against the salt tax.
40. Who was the spiritual guru of Mahatma Gandhi ?
Ans. Mahatma Gandhi's spiritual guru was a Jain monk named Shrimad Rajchandra.