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Important Notes on State of Haryana: Origin, Location, Culture, Industries

In this article, we will see important details about the state of Haryana. State is located in the Northern Region of India. Haryana is a land of rich and divine culture heritage. According to Vamana Purana, King Kuru ploughed the field of Kurukshetra with a golden ploughshare drawn by the Nandi of Lord Shiva and reclaimed an area of seven Kosas. Replete with myths, legends and vedic references, Haryana’s past is steeped in glory. More on Govt Official Page. It is divided into 22 districts, 72 sub-divisions, 93 tehsils, 50 sub-tehsils, 140 blocks, 154 cities and towns, 6,841 villages, 6212 villages panchayats and numerous smaller dhanis.

Important Notes on State of Haryana: Origin, Location, Culture, Industries

Important Notes on State of Haryana

Also Read: Meghalaya: Short Notes on States of India – For UPSC/PSC/SSC Aspirants

  • Haryana is 22nd Largest State in India by area.
  • It came into existence on 1st November 1966 by carving out the state of Punjab through Punjab Reorganization Act, 1966.
  • Faridabad is the most populous city of the state.
  • Blackbuck is the National animal and Black Francolin is the National Bird of the State of Haryana.
  • Lotus is the State Flower and Peepal is the State Tree.
  • Bhagwat Dayal Sharma was the first Chief Minister of the State.
  • State of Haryana ranks 7th among the Indian States in HDI(Human Development Index) Rankings.
  • The villages of Rakhigarhi in Hisar district and Bhirrana in Fatehabad district are home to the largest and one of the world’s oldest ancient Indus Valley Civilization sites, dated at over 9,000 years old. More on wikipedia.
  • Many Prominent Kings like Harsha, Anangpal Tomar, Hemu ruled the state.
  • State also became the victim of Timur attacks during conquests of India in 1398. In the timurid campaign, a whole lot of people from Haryana got killed and massacred.
  • Hindus(87.46%) constitute the majority of the state population followed by Muslims(7.03%) and Sikhs(4.91%) as per the latest record.
  • Official Language of the State is Hindi. Other Popular Languages being spoken in the state are Bengali, Bhojpuri, Gujari, Marwari, Nepali, Merwari and so on.
  • Karoh Peak is the tallest mountain peak in the State with a height of 1,467 metre.
  • State of Haryana has around 4% area under forests.
  • Major canals are Western Yamuna Canal, Sutlej Yamuna link canal (from Sutlej river tributary of Indus), and Indira Gandhi Canal.
  • Major river in the state includes Yamuna, Ghaggar, Markanda, Sahibi and Dohan.
  • Major lakes are Dighal Wetland, Basai Wetland, Badkhal Lake in Faridabad, holy Brahma Sarovar and Sannihit Sarovar in Kurukshetra, Blue Bird Lake in Hisar, Damdama Lake at Sohna in Gurgram district, Hathni Kund in Yamunanagar district, Karna Lake at Karnal, ancient Surajkund in Faridabad, and Tilyar Lake in Rohtak.
  • Haryana is extremely hot in summer with around 45 °C (113 °F) temperature and mild in winter.
  • Since a large portion of Haryana comes under NCR so the cities of the state of Haryana are highly Industrialized. Faridabad is one of the biggest Industrial cities of Haryana as well as of North India.
  • Panipat is known for heavy industry, a oil refinery operated by IOC, a urea manufacturing plant and for a thermal power plant running by NTPC.
  • Gurugram is known as Industrial and Logistics Hub. It also has some of the National Centres like National Brain Research Centre and National Bomb Data Centre.
  • Haryana is known for its high yield Murrah Buffalo.
  • State also has some of the Research Institutes like Central Institute for Research on Buffaloes, Central Sheep Breeding Farm, Central Institute of Fisheries, National Dairy Research Institute, National Research Centre on Equines and many more.
  • Major Dams of the State of Haryana includes Kaushalya Dam in Panchkula district, Hathnikund Barrage and Tajewala Barrage on Yamuna in Yamunanagar district, Pathrala barrage on Somb river in Yamunanagar district, ancient Anagpur Dam near Surajkund in Faridabad district, and Ottu barrage on Ghaggar-Hakra River in Sirsa district.

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