Production Linked Incentive (PLI) Scheme | UPSC IAS IPS IFS

The Finance Minister announced an expenditure of INR 1.97 Lakh Crores for the Production-Linked Incentive (PLI) Schemes for 13 key sectors in the Union Budget 2021–22, which was presented on February 1st, 2021. These investments will be used to develop national manufacturing champions and create job opportunities for the youth of the nation. This means that the minimum production in India as a result of PLI Schemes is anticipated to be more than US$ 500 billion over the course of five years. More on PIB.


Production Linked Incentive (PLI) Scheme | UPSC IAS IPS IFS

Production Linked Incentive (PLI) Scheme | UPSC IAS IPS IFS

Also Read: Shramev Jayate Yojana - Pandit Deendayal Upadhyay Programme

A major component of the government's campaign to create an Atmanirbhar Bharat is PLI Schemes. The goal is to make domestic manufacturing competitive on a global scale and to produce manufacturing industry leaders. The goal of the programme is to provide enterprises with incentives based on increased sales of goods made in India over the base year. They have been specifically created to promote domestic manufacturing in strategic and emerging industries, to lower import costs and cheaper imports, to increase domestic capacity and exports, and to improve the cost competitiveness of locally produced goods.

An additional 10 New PLI Schemes were granted in November 2020 after the initial approval of the first three PLI Schemes in March 2020. Six of the ten New Schemes have also been authorised by the Cabinet, as shown below. Of these, the prior three Schemes have been notified.

  • Electronic/Technology Products – MeitY(notified on 3 March 2021)
  • Pharmaceuticals drugs – Department of Pharmaceuticals(notified on 3 March 2021)
  • Telecom & Networking Products -  Department of Telecommunications(notified on 24 Feb 2021)

The GoI also unveiled the following 10 new PLI schemes in November 2020, in addition to the three originally announced in March 2020:

  • Electronic/Technology Products: Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology
  • Pharmaceuticals drugs: Department of Pharmaceuticals
  • Telecom & Networking Products: Department of Telecommunications
  • Food Products: Ministry of Food Processing Industries
  • White Goods (ACs & LED): Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade
  • High-Efficiency Solar PV Modules: Ministry of New and Renewable Energy
  • Automobiles & Auto Components: Department of Heavy Industry
  • Advance Chemistry Cell (ACC) Battery: Department of Heavy Industry
  • Textile Products: MMF segment and technical textiles: Ministry of Textiles
  • Specialty Steel: Ministry of Steel

September 2021

  • Drones and Drone Components: Ministry of Civil Aviation



The PLI scheme's primary goals were revealed in March 2020:-

  • Protect identified product categories,
  • Enact non-tariff measures to raise the cost of imports,
  • Acknowledge the importance of exports in the broader growth strategy while redoubling domestic market attention.
  • Create economies of scale and ensure efficiency,
  • Attract core knowledge competency and cutting-edge technologies,
  • Promote job creation and employment
  • Build district-level export hubs
  • Reduce the burden of compliance.
  • Improve the ease of doing business
  • Lower the cost of logistics
  • Increase domestic manufacturing output by 3,763,150 (US$ 520 billion) in one year.


MeitY - Mobile Manufacturing and Specified Electronic Components

The programme offers a 4%–6% incentive on further sales for a total of five years beyond the base year. The programme was announced on 01.04.2020, the deadline for applications was 31.07.2020 and the programme was officially started on 01.08.2020. Response to the plan has been positive. With a total incentive outlay of INR 36,440 crore, 16 applications were approved in the first round of the programme (5 firms under the Global Champions Category, 5 companies under the Domestic Champions Category, and 6 companies under the Electronic Components Category).

According to the Quarterly Review Reports for the quarter ending December 2020, the applicant companies have produced goods worth INR 35,000 crore and invested INR 1,300 crore under the plan in the first five months of operation, despite difficult times. A total of 22,000 additional jobs have been created over this time.

Following the First Round of the PLI Scheme's success, the Second Round of the PLI Scheme, which aims to create a thriving and strong ecosystem for the manufacture of electronic components, was introduced on March 11, 2021. The deadline for applications was March 31, 2021. For a period of four years, qualified enterprises will get an incentive of 5% to 3% on additional sales (over the base year, which is 2019–20) of products made in India and falling inside the target segment under the Second Round.


Department of Pharmaceuticals - Critical Key Starting Materials (KSMs)/ Drug Intermediates And Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients (APIs)

The Department of Pharmaceuticals launched a Production Linked Incentive (PLI) Scheme for the promotion of their domestic manufacturing by setting up greenfield plants with minimum domestic value addition in four different Target Segments (In Two Fermentation based - at least 50% domestic value addition). This was done with the aim of achieving self-reliance and reducing import dependence on these critical Bulk Drugs, Key Starting Materials/Drug Intermediates, and Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients in the country.


D/o Pharmaceuticals - Medical Device Manufacturing

With a total financial outlay of Rs. 3,420 crores for the years 2020–2027, the Department of Pharmaceuticals launched the Production Linked Incentive (PLI) Scheme for the Promotion of Domestic Manufacturing of Medical Devices with the aim of boosting domestic manufacturing and attracting significant investment in the medical device sector.


DPIIT - White Goods (ACs & LED)

Companies involved in the production of air conditioners and LED lights will receive an incentive of 4% to 6% on additional sales of products made in India under the PLI Scheme for White Goods for a term of five years. The PLI Scheme is intended to develop a whole component ecosystem in India and integrate it into global supply chains. The programme will be crucial in removing sectoral barriers, fostering economies of scale, and assuring efficiency to make Indian manufacturing competitive on a global basis. The programme is anticipated to draw in foreign capital, create a significant amount of new jobs, and boost exports.

Additionally, it will encourage financial expenditures in technological advancement, innovation, and research & development. The Scheme is anticipated to play a key role in achieving growth rates for the AC and LED industries that are significantly greater than the current ones, in the development of complete component eco-systems in India, and in the creation of manufacturing giants in India. The Scheme is anticipated to be beneficial to a variety of domestic and international businesses, including a number of MSMEs.

The PLI Scheme is expected to have the following results over the course of five years:-

  • an increase in investment of 7,920 crore;
  • an increase in production of 1,68,000 crore;
  • an increase in exports of 64,400 crore;
  • an increase in direct and indirect revenues of 49,300 crore;
  • the creation of four lakh additional direct and indirect employment opportunities.


MNRE - High Efficiency Solar PV Modules

As local manufacturing has limited operational capacities for solar PV cells and modules, the country now relies heavily on imported solar PV cells and modules to increase its solar capacity. The PLI Scheme for High Efficiency Solar PV Modules' main accomplishment is the potential reduction of import dependency in a critical industry like power.

The outcomes/benefits expected from the scheme are:-

  • Expected results in terms of growth in investment, production, exports, and employment:
  • An additional 10,000 MW capacity of integrated solar PV manufacturing plants;
  • Direct investment of around 17,200 crores in setting up solar PV manufacturing projects; Direct employment of about 30,000 and indirect employment of about 1,20,000 people; Import substitution of about 17,500 crores each year; Demand of 17,500 crores over the next five years;
  • Import substitution of around 17,500 crores; and Import substitution of around 17,500


MoFPI – Food Products

The Cabinet approved the Production Linked Incentive Scheme for the Food Processing Industry on 31.3.2021 for deployment from 2021–2026–27 with an outlay of Rs. 10,900 crores. The programme is primarily designed for Indian businesses and MNC subsidiaries doing business in India that sell a minimal amount of food goods made in India. The Ready to Cook/Ready to Eat (RTC/RTE) section, which includes millet-based foods, Processed Fruits & Vegetables, Marine Products, and Mozzarella Cheese, is one of four food categories that the programme will promote investment in.

The initiative aims to enhance employment options for off-farm workers, assist the development of global food manufacturing champions, support Indian brands of value-added food products in worldwide markets, ensure fair prices for farm products, and increase farmer income. Expansion of food processing capacity: Rs 33,494 crore, exports: Rs 27,816 crore, creation of employment and 2.5 lakh people are the predicted benefits from the scheme.


D/o TELECOM - Telecom & Networking Products

The PLI Scheme for Telecom and Networking Items was announced by the Department of Telecommunications on February 24, 2021, with a budget of Rs. 12,195 crores spread over five years for these products. India will become a major producer of telecom equipment, including Core Transmission Equipment, 4G/5G Next Generation Radio Access Network and Wireless Equipment, Access & Customer Premises Equipment (CPE), Internet of Things (IoT) Access Devices, Other Wireless Equipment, and Enterprise equipment like Switches and Routers, among others, thanks to the PLI Scheme in Telecom and Networking Products.

According to estimates, using all of the Scheme funds will likely result in an incremental output of about 2.4 lakh crore and exports of about 2 lakh crore over the course of five years. Additionally, it is predicted that the Scheme will attract investment of about 3,000 crores and create a significant amount of direct and indirect employment.


MEITY-  IT Hardware (Notified)

On March 3, 2021, the PLI Scheme for IT Hardware was announced. The deadline for applications is April 30, 2021. For a period of four years, the scheme will offer qualified companies an incentive of 4% to 2% or 1% on net incremental sales (over a base year) of products made in India that fall under the target market (laptops, tablets, all-in-one PCs, servers). The programme is projected to be advantageous to both domestic and international large producers of servers, laptops, tablets, and all-in-one PCs. Given that there is now a significant reliance on imports for these goods, this market is crucial for promoting production.

The PLI Scheme for IT Hardware is anticipated to result in a total incremental output of up to INR 3,26,000 crore during the following four years, of which more than 75% is anticipated to be exported. Due to the stimulus provided by the programme, it is anticipated that Domestic Value Addition for IT Hardware will increase from the present 5% to 10% to 20% to 25% by 2025. In the following 4 years, the programme will provide about 1.8 lakh employment possibilities.


M/o Pharmaceuticals -Pharmaceuticals drugs 

On February 24, 2021, Cabinet gave its approval. The following are the approximate predicted results under the programme (summarised over a period of six years). Additional sales of Rs 2,94,000 crore, exports total of Rs 1,96,000 crore, Investment Spending of Rs. 15,000 crore and a total of 100,000 jobs will be created.



The government devised the Production Linked Incentive Scheme, also referred to as the PLI plan, in order to promote production, generate employment, increase exports, and decrease imports. It currently comprises 14 significant industries and represents a $3 trillion investment. The PLI programmes aim to close the huge gap between the world's economies and India's import-export basket, which is mostly made up of massive imports of raw materials and completed goods. The PLI plans should, in theory, make it easier to produce items in India, lowering the nation's reliance on imports in the short term and raising exports from India over time.

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