Manipur: Short Notes on States of India – For UPSC/SSC/PSC Apirants

In this session, we will go through all Important Points related to Manipur that can be asked in your exams. It is 23rd largest state of India by area and also by the population. It is surrounded by the Indian states of Nagaland to the north, Mizoram to the south and Assam to the west. State has 16 Administrative districts.


Manipur: Short Notes on States of India

Also Read: Tripura: Short Notes on States of India – For UPSC/SSC/PSC Apirants

  • Manipur is one of the Seven Sister States of Northeast.
  • The beginning of Manipur’s more recent history dates from 1762, when the Raja Jai Singh concluded a treaty with the British to repel an invasion of Burmans from Myanmar (Burma).
  • Manipur became part of India in Oct 1949.
  • First it became a Union Territory in 1956 and then became a full-fledged State in 1972.
  • Imphal is the Capital city of the State.
  • State Animal is Sangai and State Bird is Nongyeen.
  • The mountain ranges create a moderate climate preventing the cold winds from the north from reaching the valley and barring cyclonic storms.
  • The Barak River which originates from Manipuri Hill is the largest river of the state.
  • Major river basins are: the Barak River Basin, the Manipur River Basin, the Yu River Basin and a portion of the Lanye river basin.
  • Khuga Dam and Tipaimukh Dam are the Major Dams of the State.
  • State is also the Origin place of European Polo Game.
  • Keibul Lamjao is the only floating National Park of the World.
  • Loktak Lake is the biggest Fresh Water Lake of Northeast India.
  • Meetei is the main tribal group of Manipur which constitutes 27% of its Population.
  • It is the first state to introduce Oak Tussar Industry.
  • Major Festivals of the state are Dol Jatra, Lai Haraoba, Cheiraoba, Gaan-Nagai, Yaoshang(Holi), Gang Ngai Festival, Kang, Kut Festival, Heikru Hidongba.
  • Major Dances of Manipur are Ningol Chakouba, Khamba Thoibi dance, Dhol Cholam, Manipuri Ras Leela.
  • GI Tags of the state are Shaphee Lanphee, Wangkhei Phee and Moirang Phee.
  • Mt. Tempu is the highest Peak of the State.
  • Minerals in Manipur are mainly confined to certain types of rocks such as ophiolite suite, Oceanic Pelagic Sediment (OPS) and melanges in the Ophiolite Belt.
  • Serpentinites occur extensively in Chandel and Ukhrul districts within the Ophiolite Belt of Manipur extending over an area of 1100 about 110 km. long and 5-15 km. wide).
  • Manipur acts as India’s “Gateway to the East” through Moreh and Tamu towns, the land route for trade between India and Burma and other countries in Southeast Asia, East Asia, Siberia, Micronesia and Polynesia.
  • Manipur has the highest number of handicrafts units and the highest number of crafts persons in the northeastern region of India. More on wikipedia page.
  • Handloom industry is the largest cottage industry in the state.
  • Manipur ranks the fourth position in terms of the number of looms in the country.
  • Handicrafts is another important industry in the state.
  • Hinduism is the major religion in the state, closely followed by Christianity. Other religions include Islam, Sanamahism, Buddhism, Judaism etc.
  • Thalon Cave (around 910 metres (2,990 ft) above sea level) is one of the historical sites of Manipur under Tamenglong district.
  • Khangkhui Cave is a natural limestone cave in Ukhrul district.
  • Mukna is a popular form of wrestling.

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