In this session, we will go through all Important Points related to Tripura that can be asked in your exams. Tripura is a state in northeastern India and is surrounded by Bangladesh to the north, south, and west, and the Indian states of Assam and Mizoram to the east. State is divided into 8 districts, 23 subdivisions and 58 development blocks.
Tripura: Short Notes on States of India
Also Read: West Bengal: Short Notes on States of India - For UPSC/SSC/PSC Aspirants
- The Last Maharaja of Tripura Bir Bikram Kishore Manikya ascended the throne in 1923. Before his death in 1947, he settled Tripura accession to the newly Independent Country of India.
- The state is situated between 22o7' and 24o2' North latitudes and 91o0' and 92o0' East longitudes with the Tropic of Cancer passing through it.
- Oldest name of the State was Kirat Desh.
- State is also called Home of the Bamboo.
- It is the third smallest state of India by area, behind Goa and Sikkim.
- State Animal is Phayre's Leaf Monkey and State Bird is Green Imperial Pigeon.
- Central and Northern Tripura is a hilly region crossed by four valleys: the Dharmanagar, the Kailashahar, the Kamalpur and the Khowai.
- Gumti is the largest river of the state which emerges from eastern hills near radhakishorepur.
- Betling Shib in the Jampui range is the highest Point of the State.
- Dhalai district is the largest district by area and Sipahijala district is the largest by Population.
- National Highway 8(NH-8) connects tripura to the rest of the country. NH-8 often called the Lifeline of the state.
- Tripuri is the main tribe of the state and constitutes almost half of the Population. Other Important tribes include Chakma, Reang, Halam, Garo, Lusai and marma.
- Literacy rate of the state is 87.75% as per 2011 Census.
- Maharaja Bir Bikram airport is the domestic airport of Agartala.
- Major Festivals of the State are Kharchi Puja, Garia and Ganga Puja.
- Important dances of the state are Goria dance, Jhum dance, Mamita Dance, Mosak Sulmani Dance, Hojagiri Dance and Bizhu Dance.
- Important National Park of the State are Clouded Leopard National Park and Rajbari National Park.
- Important wildlife sanctuaries are Gumti Wildlife Sanctuary, Rowa Wildlife Sanctuary, Trishna Wildlife Sanctuary.
- Rice is the major crop of the state and is cultivated in 91% of the cropped area.
- The state has favorable climatic conditions for cultivating various fruit and horticultural crops including rice, jackfruit, pineapple, potato, sugarcane, chilli and natural rubber.
- Oil and Natural Gas is the most important Natural Resources in the State.
- State mineral resources are mainly glass sands, limestone, plastic clay and hard rock. All of these materials are being used to a variable degree.
- The state is characterized by a warm and humid tropical climate with five distinct seasons, namely, spring, summer, monsoon, autumn and winter.
- The recorded maximum temperature is 35.60 °C in the state.
- Winter sets in from November and is severe in the month of January when minimum temperature recorded is 4 ºC in January 1995.
- Humidity is generally high throughout the year. In the summer season the relative humidity is varied from 50% to 74% whereas in the rainy season it is over 85%. More on Tripura Tourism.