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Orissa: Short Notes on States of India – For UPSC/SSC/PSC Aspirants

In this article, we will see all the important points related to State of Orissa. It is located on the eastern side of India along the coast of Bay of Bengal and is surrounded by the neighboring states of West Bengal and Jharkhand to the north, Chhattisgarh to the west, and Andhra Pradesh to the south. State is divided into 3 Divisions, 30 Districts, 58 Sub-Divisions, 317 Tahsils and 314 Blocks.

Orissa: Short Notes on States of India - For UPSC/SSC/PSC Aspirants

Orissa: Short Notes on States of India

  • Orissa was founded on 1st April 1936  and hence the day is celebrated as “Utkal Divas”.
  • It has an area of around 1,55,707 Sq.km.
  • It is the 7th largest State by area and 11th largest by population.
  • It has the 3rd largest population of Scheduled Tribes in India.
  • Bhubaneswar is the largest City of the State.
  • Main Rivers of the State are Mahanadi, Baitarni, Brahmani, Tel, Pushkulyam and Sabri.
  • State Animal is Sambar Deer and State bird is Indian Roller.
  • Ashoka tree is the State Flower.
  • World Famous Shri Jagannath Temple is in Puri, Orissa.
  • The Language of Odisha is Odia which is one of the Classical Languages of India.
  • State is also known as Utkala and is mentioned in India’s National Anthem “Jana Gana Mana”.
  • Orissa has bagged 5th Position in overall rankings in NITI’s Aayog Export Preparedness Index 2020.
  • Odisha ranked 8th among states in Swachh Survekshan 2020.
  • Odisha is the 4th largest shrimp producing state in India.
  • Cuttack was the state capital throughout the British Era till 1948. Thereafter Bhubaneswar became the capital of Odisha.
  • In Ancient India, Orissa was popularly known as Kalinga which was invaded by Mauryan Emperor Ashoka.
  • Odisha’s Chilka Lake is the largest Coastal Lagoon of India.
  • Majority of the People speak Odia and Telegu in the State.
  • Famous Temples of the State are Shri Jagannath Temple, Bramheswara Temple, Lingaraja Temple, Maa Samaleswari Temple and Sun Temple.
  • The highest point in the state is Deomali at 1,672 metres.
  • Rare White Tiger can be found in Nandankanan Zoo in Orissa.
  • Popular Dances of the State includes Chhau Dance, Chaiti Ghoda, Odissi, Changu Dance and Karma Dance.
  • Major National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries includes Chilika Wildlife Sanctuary, Simlipal National Park, Bhitarkanika National Park, Gahirmatha Marine Sanctuary, Satkosia Tiger Reserve and so on.
  • Important Festivals in the state are Ratha Yatra, Kalinga Mahotsav and Chhau Festival.
  • The economy of Odisha is the 16th-largest state economy in India with ₹5.33 lakh crore (US$75 billion) in gross domestic product and a per capita GDP of ₹116,614 (US$1,600).
  • Current Chief Minister of the State is Naveen Patnaik.
  • Orissa has 25% of India’s Iron Reserves.
  • Odisha is the top Aluminium producing state in India.
  • Orissa contributes one tenth of the total rice produced in the Country.
  • Major crops of the State includes rice, pulses, oil seeds, jute, coconut and turmeric.
  • The State is broadly divided in to 4 Physiographic zones namely, Coastal Plains, Central Tableland, Northern Plateau and Eastern Ghats. More on Agri Odisha.
  • The Primary industries in Odisha are manufacturing, mining and quarrying, electricity, gas and water supply and construction.
  • The Gahiramatha beach in Bhitarkanika is the world’s largest nesting site for olive ridley sea turtles.

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