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List of Important ISRO Space and Satellite Missions | UPSC PSC SSC

In this article, we will look into the list of ISRO Space and Satellite Missions launched over past few years starting from first Satellite Aryabhata to the recent one. ISRO has been playing a pivotal role in Country Space and Satellite Missions. It is not only fulfilling the country demands but also helping achieve the goal to develop and deliver application specific satellite products.

About ISRO

ISRO is also known as Indian Space Research Organisation. It is a national Space Agency of the Republic of India headquartered in Bangalore, India. Initially ISRO was known as Indian National Committee for Space Research (INCOSPAR) which was established by Jawaharlal Nehru under the Department of Atomic Energy in 1962. Later on, INCOSPAR grew and became ISRO in 1969.

Important ISRO Space and Satellite Missions | UPSC PSC SSC

List of Important ISRO Space and Satellite Missions

Also Read: Important Mission Mars 2020: Perseverance Rover and Robotic Helicopter

1. Mars Orbiter Mission 

Launch Date: 5th Nov, 2013

Launch Vehicle: PSLV-C25

Orbit Type: Martian

Description: It is India’s first Interplanetary mission which basically acted as a technology demonstrator which will open the gateway for Future Mars Mission.

2. Crew Module Atmospheric Re-entry Experiment(CARE)

Launch Date: 18th Dec, 2014

Launch Vehicle: LVM-3/CARE Mission

Description: The main objective of this mission was to demonstrate the reentry flight of Crew Module.

3. GSAT-30

Launch Date: 17th Jan, 2020

Launch Vehicle: Ariane-5 VA-251

Orbit Type: GSO(Geo Synchronous Orbit)

Description: This satellite acted as a replacement for the defunct INSAT-4A. It is used for very small aperture terminal(VSAT) networks, television uplinks and other communication systems.

4. RISAT-2BR1

Launch Date: 11th Dec, 2019

Launch Vehicle: PSLV-C48/RISAT-2BR1

Orbit Type: LEO(Low Earth Orbit)

Description: It is a Synthetic Aperture Radar(SAR) imaging satellite launched by ISRO on 11 December 2019 at 09:55 UTC with nine other ride-sharing commercial satellites from First Launch Pad of SDSC, SHAR.

5. Cartosat-3

Launch Date: 27th Nov, 2019

Launch Vehicle: PSLV-C47 / Cartosat-3 Mission

Orbit Type: SSPO(Sun Synchronous Polar Orbit)

Description: It is a third generation advanced satellite having high resolution imaging capability launched by ISRO to address the increased user’s demand for large scale urban planning, rural resource and infrastructure development.

6. Chandrayaan-2

Launch Date: 22nd July, 2019

Launch Vehicle: GSLV-Mk III – M1 / Chandrayaan-2 Mission

Orbit Type: Lunar

Description: It is an Orbiter launched by ISRO to orbit the moon in a Polar Orbit at an altitude of 100 km.

7. RISAT-2B

Launch Date: 22nd May, 2019

Launch Vehicle: PSLV-C46 Mission

Orbit Type: LEO(Low Earth Orbit)

Description: It is a Radar Imaging Satellite launched by ISRO on 22 May 2019 from the First Launch Pad at the Satish Dhawan Space Centre to replace RISAT-2.

8. EMISAT

Launch Date: 1st April, 2019

Launch Vehicle: PSLV-C45/EMISAT MISSION

Orbit Type: SSPO(Sun Synchronous Polar Orbit)

Description: It is an Indian reconnaissance satellite under DRDO Project Kautilya launched by ISRO on 1st April 2019.

9. GSAT-31

Launch Date: 6th Feb, 2019

Launch Vehicle: Ariane-5 VA-247

Orbit Type: GTO

Description:  It is a telecommunication satellite launched by ISRO on February 06, 2019 from Kourou launch base, French Guiana by Ariane-5 VA-247.

10. Microsat-R

Launch Date: 24th Jan, 2019

Launch Vehicle: PSLV-C44

Orbit Type: SSPO(Sun Synchronous Polar Orbit)

Description: It was launched by ISRO to be used as target for Indian ASAT Experiment on 27th March, 2019.

11. GSAT-7A

Launch Date: 19th Dec, 2018

Launch Vehicle: GSLV-F11 / GSAT-7A Mission

Description: It is an advanced military communication satellite launched by ISRO primarily for the Indian Air Force with Indian Army.

12. GSAT-11 

Launch Date: 5th Dec, 2018

Launch Vehicle: Ariane-5 VA-246

Orbit Type: GTO(Geosynchronous Transfer Orbit)

Description: It is a geostationary communication satellite launched successfully from the European Spaceport, French Guiana (Guiana Space Center) on 2037 UTC, 4 December 2018 along with GEO-KOMPSAT-2A of KARI. More on ISRO Official website.

13. HysIS

Launch Date: 29th Nov, 2018

Launch Vehicle: PSLV-C43 / HysIS Mission

Orbit Type: SSPO(Sun Synchronous Polar Orbit)

Description: It is an earth observation satellite launched by ISRO on 29 November 2018 from First Launch Pad of Satish Dhawan Space Centre.

14. GSAT-29

Launch Date: 14th Nov, 2018

Launch Vehicle: GSLV Mk III-D2 / GSAT-29 Mission

Orbit Type: GTO(Geosynchronous Transfer Orbit)

Description:  It is a high-throughput communication satellite developed by ISRO to provide high-speed bandwidth to Village Resource Centres (VRC) in rural areas.

15. IRNSS-1I

Launch Date: 12th April, 2018

Launch Vehicle: PSLV-C41/IRNSS-1I

Orbit Type: GSO(Geosynchronous Orbit)

Description: It is the eighth satellite in the Indian Regional Navigational Satellite System (IRNSS) series of satellites which was successfully launched by ISRO on 11th April, 2018.

16. GSAT-6A

Launch Date: 29th March, 2018

Launch Vehicle: GSLV-F08/GSAT-6A Mission

Orbit Type: GSO(Geosynchronous Orbit)

Description: It is a communication satellite which was launched in August 2015 by ISRO. Its main aim was to provide mobile communication services to the Indian Armed Forces.

17. Cartosat-2 Series

Launch Date: 12th Jan, 2018

Launch Vehicle: PSLV-C40/Cartosat-2 Series

Orbit Type: SSPO(Sun-Synchronous Polar Orbit)

Description: It is an Earth Observation Satellite launched by ISRO on 12th Jan, 2018.

18. INS-1C

Launch Date: 12th Jan, 2018

Launch Vehicle: PSLV-C40/Cartosat-2 Series Satellite

Orbit Type: SSPO(Sun-Synchronous Polar Orbit)

Description: It is the third satellite in the Indian Nano Satellite Series launched by ISRO on 12th January, 2018. It is used for topographical mapping, vegetation monitoring, aerosol scattering studies and cloud studies.

19. Microsat

Launch Date: 12th Jan, 2018

Launch Vehicle: PSLV-C40/Cartosat-2 Series Satellite

Orbit Type: SSPO(Sun-Synchronous Polar Orbit)

Description: It is an Earth Observing Satellite launched by ISRO on 12th January, 2018. It is used to capture images at night by imaging in infrared spectrum.

20. GSAT-17

Launch Date: 29th June, 2017

Launch Vehicle: Ariane-5 VA-238

Orbit Type: GTO(Geo-synchronous Transfer Orbit)

Description: It is an Indian Communication Satellite built by ISRO and launched on 28th June 2017 aboard an Ariane 5 ECA rocket from the Guiana Space Centre in Kourou, French Guiana.

21. Cartosat-2 Series

Launch Date: 23rd June, 2017

Launch Vehicle: PSLV-C38 / Cartosat-2 Series Satellite

Orbit Type: GTO(Geo-synchronous Transfer Orbit)

Description: It is an Earth Observation Satellite designed by ISRO to collect high-resolution, large-scale imagery for use in urban planning, infrastructure development, utilities planning, and traffic management.

22. GSAT-19

Launch Date: 5th June, 2017

Launch Vehicle: GSLV Mk III-D1/GSAT-19 Mission

Orbit Type: GSO(Geosynchronous Orbit)

Description: It is an Indian communication satellite launched by ISRO aboard a GSLV Mark III on 5 June 2017.

23. GSAT-9

Launch Date: 5th May, 2017

Launch Vehicle: GSLV-F09 / GSAT-9

Orbit Type: GSO(Geosynchronous Orbit)

Description: It is also known as South Asia Satellite launched by ISRO on 5th May, 2017.

24. INS-1A

Launch Date: 15th Feb, 2017

Launch Vehicle: PSLV-C37 / Cartosat -2 Series Satellite

Orbit Type: SSPO(Sun-synchronous Polar Orbit)

Description: It is an Indian Communication Satellite launched by ISRO in 1982. It was built by Ford Aerospace and operated by the Indian National Satellite System.

25. INS-1B

Launch Date: 15th Feb, 2017

Launch Vehicle: PSLV-C37 / Cartosat -2 Series Satellite

Orbit Type: SSPO(Sun-Synchronous Polar Orbit)

Description: It is a nano satellite built by ISRO to evaluate the INS bus as a versatile and modular Nano satellite bus system envisioned for future science and experimental payloads. More on INS-1B.

26. Cartosat-2 Series Satellite

Launch Date: 15th Feb, 2017

Launch Vehicle: PSLV-C37 / Cartosat -2 Series Satellite

Orbit Type: SSPO(Sun-Synchronous Polar Orbit)

Description: It is an Earth Observation Satellite built and launched by ISRO on 15th February, 2017. It was launched along with two Indian nanosatellites (INS-1A and INS-1B) and 101 nanosatellites belonging to research facilities in United States of America, Kazakhstan, Israel, The Netherlands, Switzerland, and the United Arab Emirates.

27. RESOURCESAT-2A

Launch Date: 7th Dec, 2016

Launch Vehicle: PSLV-C36 / RESOURCESAT-2A

Orbit Type: SSPO(Sun-Synchronous Polar Orbit)

Description: It is an advanced remote sensing satellite launched by ISRO on 7th Dec, 2016. It is used to give regular micro and macro information on land and water bodies below, farm lands and crop extent, forests, mineral deposits, coastal information, rural and urban spreads besides helping in disaster management.

28. GSAT-18

Launch Date: 6th Oct, 2016

Launch Vehicle: Ariane-5 VA-231

Orbit Type: GSO(Geosynchronous Orbit)

Description: It is an Indian Communication Satellite built by ISRO and launched on 5th October 2016 aboard an Ariane 5 ECA rocket from the Guiana Space Centre in Kourou, French Guiana.

29. SCATSAT-1

Launch Date: 26th Sep, 2016

Launch Vehicle: PSLV-C35 / SCATSAT-1

Orbit Type: SSPO(Sun-synchronous Polar Orbit)

Description: It is a satellite developed by ISRO for Weather Forecasting, Cyclone Prediction and Tracking Services to India.

30. INSAT-3DR

Launch Date: 8th Sep, 2016

Launch Vehicle: GSLV-F05 / INSAT-3DR

Orbit Type: GSO(Geosynchronous Orbit)

Description: It is an Indian Weather Satellite which was launched on 8 September 2016, and is a follow-up to INSAT-3D.

31. Cartosat-2 Series Satellite

Launch Date: 22nd June, 2016

Launch Vehicle: PSLV-C34 / CARTOSAT-2 Series Satellite

Orbit Type: SSPO(Sun-synchronous Polar Orbit)

Description: It is an Earth Observation satellite launched by ISRO on 22nd June, 2016. The satellite carried a panchromatic (PAN) camera capable of taking black-and-white pictures in the visible region of electromagnetic spectrum.

 

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