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Tamil Nadu: Short Notes on States of India – For UPSC/PSC/SSC Aspirants

In this article, we will look into all the important points related to the state of Tamil Nadu which will further help you in number of competitive exams. Tamil Nadu is located in the southern part of India. It is the tenth largest Indian state by area and the sixth largest by population.

The state is bounded by the Western Ghats in the west, the Eastern Ghats in the north, the Bay of Bengal in the east, the Gulf of Mannar and Palk Strait to the south-east, and the Indian Ocean in the south. State is divided into 38 districts which is further divided into 226 Taluks administrated by Tahsildars comprising 1127 Revenue blocks administrated by Revenue Inspector (RI). More on wikipedia.

Tamil Nadu: Short Notes on States of India - For UPSC/PSC/SSC Aspirants

Tamil Nadu: Short Notes on States of India

  • It is one of the most urbanized state in India.
  • Chennai is the Capital City of Tamil Nadu.
  • Tamil Nadu is among the one of the most literate states in India.
  • Modern day Tamil Nadu was formed in 1956 after the reorganisation of states on linguistic lines.
  • State official language is tamil which is known to be one of the longest surviving classical languages in the World.
  • Tamil Nadu has the country’s third-longest coastline at about 906.9 km (563.5 mi).
  • Tamil Nadu is mostly dependent on monsoon rains and hence prone to droughts when the monsoons fail. The climate of the state ranges from dry sub-humid to semi-arid.
  • The economy of Tamil Nadu is the second largest in India with Gross State Domestic Product(GSDP) of US$290 billion.
  • Hinduism is the major religion in State followed by Christianity and Islam.
  • The region around ancient Tamil Nadu were ruled by three famous kingdoms – Chola, Chera and Pandyas.
  • Tamil Nadu ranks 11th among all Indian states in Human Development Index.
  • State is the largest producer of bananas, turmeric, flowers and tapioca. It is also the second largest producer of Coconut, Mango and groundnut.
  • Tamil Nadu accounts for 60% of leather tanning capacity in India
  • It is one of the leading states in the textile sector which houses the country’s largest spinning industry accounting for almost 80% of the total installed capacity in India.
  • Tamil Nadu has three international airports, namely Chennai International Airport, Coimbatore International Airport and Tiruchirappalli International Airport.
  • State has three major seaports located at Chennai, Ennore and Thoothukudi.
  • Tamil Nadu has the third largest installed power generation capacity in the country.
  • Bharatanatyam is the traditional dance of Tamil Nadu. Other folk dances include Kolattam, Karagattam, and Mayilattam.
  • Chennai’s Marina Beach is the second longest urban beach in the world.
  • The earliest period of Tamil Literature, sometimes called as Sangam Literature is probably one of the oldest literature in the World.
  • State is known for its rich tradition of literature, art, music and dance.
  • Some of the famous UNESCO World Heritage Site like the Nilgiri Mountain Railway, Brihadisvara temple, Shore Temple, Gangaikonda Cholapuram and the Airavatesvara Temple are in Tamil Nadu.
  • The tourism industry of Tamil Nadu is the largest in India, with an annual growth rate of 16%.
  • Tamil Nadu has a well-developed rail network as part of Southern Railway headquartered at Chennai.
  • Tamil Nadu is the second largest software exporter by value in India.
  • Almost all of the major automobile Industries like BMW, Robert Bosch, Hyundai, Mahindra & Mahindra, Ashok Leyland, Mitsubishi Motors, Hindustan Motors, Eicher Motors etc are having their manufacturing plant in Tamil Nadu.
  • Coimbatore is often referred to as the “Manchester of South India” due to its cotton production and textile industries.
  • Tirupur is the country’s largest exporter of knitwear for its cotton production.
  • State has rich variety of Flora and Fauna. The total protected area is 7,072.95 sq. km. which comes to 30.92% of the State’s Forest area. These includes 5 National parks, 15 Wildlife sanctuaries, 15 bird sanctuaries and 2 conservation reserves besides 5 Tiger Reserves viz. Anamalai, Kalakkad – Mundanthurai, Mudumalai, Sathyamangalam and Srivilliputtur Megamalai. More on Tamil Nadu Forest Department official website.

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