33 Important Questions on Religion in India (UPSC IAS IPS IFS SSC)

In this article, I will take you through 33 Important Questions on Religion in India. Religion in India is as old as from Indus Valley Civilization as evident from the stones and relics which was excavated from the Site. People used to worship Mother Goddess which symbolizes fertility around Ghaggar-Hakra River Valleys. We have also seen few structures of shivlinga excavated from the site which is still practiced as a God in Hinduism religion. More on Religion in India.

Later on we saw a rise in major other religions like Jainism, Buddhism, Judaism, Christianity, Sikhism and Islam. Today major religion in India is Hinduism which is getting practiced by around 79.8% of populations as per 2011 Census. We will go through all the important questions related to Religion in India that can be asked in your exams.

Religion in India

Religion in India

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1. How many major religions gets practiced in India ?

Ans. There are 8 different religions get practiced in India:-

  • Hinduism
  • Buddhism
  • Jainism
  • Islam
  • Christianity
  • Sikhism
  • Zoroastrianism
  • Judaism

2. What are the different Sects under Hinduism ?

Ans. There are mainly Four Sects under Hinduism:-

  • Vaishnavism
  • Shaivism
  • Shaktism
  • Smartism

3. Which is the largest monastic group within Hinduism ?

Ans. Ramanandi Sampradaya

4. Who founded Brahma Sampradaya ?

Ans. Madhvacharya

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5. Who founded Pushti Marg Sampradaya ?

Ans. Vallabhacharya

6. Who are believed to be the founders of Varmam ?

Ans. Siddhars

7. What are the Four Different Sects under Hinduism ?

Ans. Four Different Sects are:-

  • Shaivism
  • Vaishnavism
  • Shaktism
  • Smartism

8. Who is the common ancestor of both Christians and Muslims ?

Ans. Abraham

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9. Which place in Uttar Pradesh is believed to be the centre of Ajivikas ?

Ans. Savathi(Sravasti)

10. What are Four Major Schools of thought and law in Islam in India ?

Ans. Four Major Schools are:-

  • Hanafi
  • Shafei
  • Maliki
  • Hambali

11. Who led Tariqah-i-Muhammadiya Movement ?

Ans. Sayyid Ahmad Barelwi

12. Which is the largest Jewish Community in India ?

Ans. Bene Israels

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13. Which is the only place in India where dead bodies are left in the open to be eaten by Vultures ?

Ans. Towers of Silence in Mumbai

14. What is Dakhma Nashini ?

Ans. Vultures who eat the dead body in open spaces are known as Dakhma Nashini.

15. Which is the sacred texts of Iranis and Parsis ?

Ans. Zend Avesta

16. Who wrote Athuna Vairyo ?

Ans. Zarathustra

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17. What are the three major calendar forms popular among the Parsis ?

Ans. Three Major Calendar Forms are:-

  • Shahenshahi
  • Qadimi
  • Fasli

18. Which Sect believed that “Ignore is best” ?

Ans. Ajnanas

19. Who founded Ajivikas Schools ?

Ans. Makkhali Gosala in 5th Century BC

20. Which Mughal Emperor executed Guru Arjan Dev ?

Ans. Jahangir

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21. Which Mughal Emperor executed Guru Tegh Bahadur ?

Ans. Aurangzeb

22. Who constructed the Akal Takht ?

Ans. Guru Hargobind

23. What are the Four Phases of Life as per Upanishads ?

Ans. Four Phases of Life are:-

  • Brahmacharya
  • Grihastha
  • Vanaprastha
  • Sannyasa

24. Which Sect of Buddhism used a brush to remove insects from their path ?

Ans. Svetambara

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25. List out the 24 Jainism Tirthankaras.

Ans. Below are the 24 Tirthankaras:-

  • Adinatha
  • Ajita
  • Sambhava
  • Abhinandana
  • Sumati
  • Padmaprabha
  • Suparshva
  • Chandraprabha
  • Shuvidhi
  • Sheetal
  • Shreyansa
  • Vasupujya
  • Vimala
  • Ananta
  • Dharma
  • Shanti
  • Kunthu
  • Ara
  • Malli
  • Muni
  • Suvrata
  • Nami
  • Nemi
  • Parshva
  • Mahavira

26. List out the 10 Sikh Gurus.

Ans. Below are the 10 Sikh Gurus:-

  • Guru Nanak
  • Guru Angad Dev
  • Guru Amardas Sahib
  • Guru Ram Das
  • Guru Arjan Dev
  • Guru Har Gobind Sahib
  • Guru Har Rai Sahib
  • Guru Har Krishan Sahib
  • Guru Tegh Bahadur Sahib
  • Guru Gobind Singh Sahib

27. Why Aurangzeb persecuted Guru Tegh Bahadur ?

Ans. Guru Tegh Bahadur opposed the forced conversion of Hindu Kashmiri Pandits by Mughal Ruler Aurangzeb.

28. Who founded the City of Amritsar ?

Ans. Guru Ram Das

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29. Which Sikh Guru was the Contemporary of Mughal Ruler Akbar ?

Ans. Guru Amardas Sahib

30. Which Sikh Guru requested the Muslim Sufi, Mian Mir to lay the cornerstone of Harmandir Sahib ?

Ans. Guru Ram Das

31. Which Sikh Guru was the Contemporary of Babur ?

Ans. Guru Nanak Dev

32. Which Sikh Guru Started the Construction of Famous Golden Temple at Amritsar ?

Ans. Guru Ram Das

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33. Who was the First Sikh Guru to take up arms to defend the faith ?

Ans. Guru Har Gobind Sahib




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